Bio - Eric Mihelbergel is an intermediate level windsurfer and kiteboarder living in the Great Lakes Region of New York State who enjoys writing about windsports.
Jumping: In or Out of the Harness?
(Written January 2019)
What is the difference between jumping hooked-in versus not hooked-in? This is a question we should address.
I've been windsurfing for 9 years. During the first 7 years I could only jump well while hooked-in to the harness. Only in the last 2 years have I learned to jump well while not hooked-in. Does that mean it is more difficult to jump not hooked-in? Well, for me it was, but that is not the case everyone. For some people it is more natural to jump not hooked-in and for others it's more natural hooked-in. There is no right way, but let's talk about the differences.
In my early years, I remember trying to jump unhooked, but my forearms just were not strong enough to hold on without immediate fatigue. For me, that was one of the biggest reasons that I learned to jump hooked-in. Whenever I unhooked, my power would die because my forearms weren't strong enough to sustain grip on the boom. This weakness in my forearms affected other areas of windsurfing as well. It was difficult riding in cold conditions with thick mittens. Jibing was difficult being out of the harness. Frontside riding was very difficult as well. Around year six I purchased smaller diameter booms that were 24.5mm. This helped some, but the biggest difference was simply years on the water to build forearm strength specific to windsurfing. It didn't matter that I had years of forearm strength from competitive kayaking. It didn't matter that I did considerable forearm training in the weight room. For me, the strength was totally different for windsurfing. It just took time to build that strength so I could ride out of the harness.
My greatest inspiration for jumping in my early years was one of our local riders, Jeremy Myers. Jeremy has always made 10 foot jumps look so smooth, easy and effortless. He never loses a stride and planes away as though he was simply sailing through the air for a few moments. I remember asking Jeremy if he jumped in or out of the harness. He replied that he mostly jumped out of the harness. Recently I read an article where David Ezzy talked about teaching his son, Graham, to jump when he was young. The article explained that David continually tried to teach Graham to jump out of the harness, but Graham naturally jumped in the harness. So, you see, there is not necessarily a "correct" way to do it. But by discussing it here we can see the differences.
There is a different technique when jumping hooked-in compared to unhooked. For me, if I stay hooked-in, I don't lose any power in the sail, AND I am able to leverage pop off the harness through the boom. As you approach your ramp, bend your knees. This does two things. First, it loads the sail with power as the downward pressure of your hips pulls down on the boom and forces you to sheet in a bit. Second, your bent knees are now loaded and ready to spring off the peak of the wave. So, bend those knees as you approach your ramp. Once you are airborne, pull your knees up toward your chest and pull the sail down toward you. At this point you may or may not come out of the harness. It depends on how much you pull the sail down toward you. I typically like to get out of the harness while I'm in the air. It makes the landing a bit softer. But sometimes I choose to land while still hooked-in, especially if I want to plane away at full speed.
When jumping unhooked, I find that I have to get my hips much lower. This was a more advanced position for me in my early years of windsurfing. I found it very difficult, and my forearms fatigued quickly. But now it feels more natural. By unhooking early, I find that I can get much lower and really spring off my back foot more. I can also pull down on the boom harder which boosts me higher into the air. I've been trying to learn backloops the last two seasons. I still have not successfully landed one, but I am finding that launching unhooked puts me in a better position to get some rotation. When I launch hooked-in I can't seem to get any rotation at all, but unhooked I am starting to get the board to come around.
If you only jump hooked-in then try unhooked a few times. Or vice versus is you only jump unhooked. If you don't like how it feels then give it a rest and try it again at another session. It's worth being competent both ways so that you can use the jump you need when you need it. If I'm feeling tired from a long session I will usually stay hooked-in if I spot a nice ramp because I find that it conserves energy. If I'm fresh and really want to put more power into a jump I will unhooked and really drop down low on bent knees. Being competent both ways gives me options when I'm on the water.